Siehe Vorlage 1
Ja in allen Staaten: Kayangel, Ngarchelong, Ngaraard, Ngiwal, Melekeok, Ngchesar,
Airai, Aimeliik, Ngatpang, Ngaremlengui, Ngardmau, Koror, Peleliu, Angaur,
Constitutional Proposal No. 2-280
A CONSTITUTIONAL PROPOSAL
To amend Article I, Section 1 and 2 of the Constitution.
RESOLVED, that the following be agreed upon as part of the Palau Constitution.
Section 1. Amendments. Article l, Sections 1 and 2 of the Constitution are hereby
amended to read as follows:
"Section 1. (a) The Republic of Palau shall have jurisdiction and
sovereignty over its territory which consist of all the islands, atolls,
reefs, and shoals that have traditionally been in
the Palauan archipelago including Ngeruangel reef and Kayangel island in
the north and Hatohobei Island (Tobi Island) and Hocharihie (Helen's reef) in
the south and all land areas adjacent and in between, and also, consist of
the internal waters and archipelagic waters within these land areas, the
territorial waters around these land areas, and the air space above theser
lands and water areas, extending to a two hundred (200) nautical
miles exclusive economic zone, unless otherwise delimited by bilateral
agreement or as may be limited or extended under international law,
from a straight archipelagic baseline, the seabed, subsoil, water column
insular shelves, and airspace over land and water unless limited by international
treaty obligations assemble by Palau."
(b) the straight archipelagic baselines, from which the breadths
of marine zones are measured for Palauan Archipelago, shall drawn from the
northernmost point of Ngeruangel Reef, thence east to the northernmost point of
Kayangel Island and around the island to its easternmost point, south to the
easternmost point of the Babeldaob barrier reef, south to the easternmost point of
Anguar Island and then around the island to its westernmost point, thence north
to the westernmost point of Ngeruangel Reef and then around the reef to the point
of origin. The normal baselines, from which the breaths of maritime zones for the
Southwest islands are measured shall be drawn around the islands of Fanna, Sonsorol
(Dongosaro), Pulo Anna and Merir, and the Island of Hatohobei (Tobi Island),
including Hocharihic (Helen's Reef).
Helen's Reef, west from the
southernmost point of Helen's Reef to the easternmost point of Tobi Island and
then around the island to its westernmost point, north to the westernmost point
of Fanna Island, and north to the westernmost point of Ngeruangel Reef and then
around the reef to the point of origin.
Section 2. (a) The Republic of Palau shall have exclusive ownership and shall
exercise its sovereign rights to conserve, develop, exploit, explore, and manage
at a sustainable manner all living and non-living resources within its exclusive
economic zone and its continental shelf in accordance with applicable treaties,
international law and practices. The Republic of Palau shall have exclusive
ownership and sovereign jurisdiction over all mineral resources in the seabed,
subsoil, water column and insular shelves within its continental self.
(b) Each state shall have exclusive ownership of all living and non-living
resources except highly migratory fish
from the land towithin
the twelve (12) nautical mile territorial sea: seaward through
the traditional baselines: provided, however, that traditional fishing
rights and practices shall not be impaired."