Nauru, 27. Februar 2010 : Verfassungsreform

Gebiet Nauru
Stellung unabhängiger Staat
Datum 27. Februar 2010
Vorlage Verfassungsreform
Abstimmungstyp Obligatorisches Referendum → durch Parlament → bindend → Stufe: Verfassung → Partialrevision
Ergebnis verworfen
Stimmberechtigte ---
Stimmbeteiligung 4'47178,00 %
Stimmen ausser Betracht 82
Gültige Stimmen 4'389
Ja-Stimmen 1'45033,04 %
Nein-Stimmen 2'93966,96 %
Bemerkungen Naurus politisches System wird seit Jahren von Instabilität geprägt; Misstrauensvoten und Neuwahlen sind an der Tagesordnung. Aus diesen Gründen sind seit 2003 alle Versuche einer Verfassungsreform gescheitert, dabei eingeschlossen eine "Nauru Constitutional Convention" aus den 18 Abgeordneten und 18 im März 2007 gewählten Delegierten. Erst das am 26.4.2008 gewählte Parlament mit dem alten und neuen Präsidenten Stephen setzt am 25.11.2008 ein Select Committee on Constitutional Amendment Bills ein, das am 10.3.2009 seinen Bericht vorlegt.

Gemäss Art. 84 der geltenden Verfassung kann das Parlament die Verfassung mit 2/3- Mehrheit ändern; für Änderungen an geschützten Artikeln ist eine Volksabstimmung mit 2/3-Mehrheit nötig. Das Parlament teilt daher die faktische Totalrevision in einen Teil in eigener Komptetenz und einen zuhanden der Volksabstimmung auf. Am 21.8.2009 nimmt es mit je 15 zu 0 Stimmen den Constitution of Nauru (Parliamentary Amendments) Act 2009 und den Constitution of Nauru (Referendum Amendments) Act 2010 an. Falls die Vorlage in der Abstimmung scheitert, kann der erste Teil mit kleinen Anpassungen dennoch in Kraft treten. Am 27.11.2009 erlässt es das Ausführungsgesetz, den Referendum Procedures Act 2009. Die Urnen sind von 13 bis 18 Uhr geöffnet.

Gemeinde       Ja   Nein  Gültig
--------------------------------
Aiwo          105    327    432
Anabar         78    157    235
Anetan         64    187    251
Anibare        36     71    107
Baitsi         92    209    301
Boe           194    263    457
Buada         106    286    392
Denigomodu     56    104    160
Ewa            61    194    255
Ijuw           36     86    122
Meneng        293    400    693
Nibok         104    247    351
Uaboe          61    232    293
Yaren         164    176    340
--------------------------------
TOTAL        1450   2939   4389

Nach der Ablehnung der Vorlage versucht die Opposition, die Regierung durch Misstrauensvoten zu stürzen, aber diese setzt für 24.4.2010 Neuwahlen an.

Hauptpunkte

  • Umfangreicher Grundrechtekatalog (Recht auf Leben, Gleichbehandlung, Privatsphäre, Information, Gesundheit, Ausbildung, Umweltschutz, Arbeit, Frauen, Kinder, Behinderung)
  • Verfahren und Entschädigung bei Enteignung
  • Eingeschränkte Todesstrafe
  • Volkswahl des Präsidenten aus den Reihen der Abgeordneten
  • Kompetenzen des Kabinetts
  • Staatsrat mit eingeschränkten Vollmachten, wenn kein Präsident amtiert
  • Staaliche Einnahmen zwingend in die Staatskasse
Hauptpunkte der Änderungen in eigener Kompetenz
  • neue Präambel
  • Schutz der Sprache und Kultur
  • Präsident kann Vizepräsidenten einsetzen
  • Abschaffung des Generalsekretärs des Kabinetts
  • Verfahren für Misstrauensanträge gegen Minister
  • Wahlalter 18 statt 20
  • Mit Gefängnis bestrafte Abgeordnete verlieren Mandat
  • Parlamentspräsident ist nicht Abgeordneter, hat kein Stimmrecht
  • Neue Fristen für parlamentarisches Prozedere
  • Aufzählung aller Gerichtsinstanzen
  • Höchstalter 75 statt 65 für Richter
  • Parlament erlässt Verhaltensregeln für Präsident, Minister und Richter
  • Neuwahlen, wenn Parlament kein Budget verabschiedet
  • Ombudsmann
  • Finanz- und Rechnungskontrolle
  • Polizei mit Verfassungsrang
  • Generalstaatsanwalt
  • Ein Elternteil reicht für Staatsbürgerschaft aus
  • Gleichbehandlung von Frauen und Männern bei Heirat eines Ausländers
  • Parlament muss Notstand des Präsidenten bestätigen
  • Alle 15 Jahre Grundsatzabstimmung über Totalrevision der Verfassung


ARRANGEMENT OF PARTS
Part I. The Republic of Nauru and the Supreme Law of Nauru (Articles 1 and 2 -2A).
...
Part II. Protection of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms (Articles 3 2D-15).
...

Promotion of awareness of the Constitution
2A. (1.) The government shall, in the Nauruan and English languages, promote public awareness of the Constitution.
(2.) The government shall provide for the teaching of the Constitution in schools, government institutions and disciplined services.

Application
2D. (1.) Everyone in Nauru is entitled to the protection of fundamental rights and freedoms set out in this part, subject to clause (4.) of this Article and to such limitations of that protection as are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Part, being limitations designed to ensure that the enjoyment of those rights and freedoms by a person does not prejudice the rights and freedoms of other persons or the public interest.
(2.) The provisions of this Part apply to all laws and bind the legislature, the executive, the judiciary, and all public officers.
(3.) A provision in this part binds natural and legal persons if, and to the extent that, it is applicable, taking into account the nature of the right and the duty imposed by the right.
(4.) Only natural persons are entitled to the benefit of the rights and freedoms protected under this Part.

Preamble Right to Equality
3. Whereas every person in Nauru is entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, has the right, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed or sex, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following freedoms, namely:-
(a) life, liberty, security of the person, the enjoyment of property and the protection of the law;
(b) freedom of conscience, of expression and of peaceful assembly and association; and
(c) respect for his private and family life,
the subsequent provisions of this Part have effect for the purpose of affording protection to those rights and freedoms, subject to such limitations of that protection as are contained in those provisions, being limitations designed to ensure that the enjoyment of those rights and freedoms by a person does not prejudice the rights and freedoms of other persons or the public interest.
(1.) Everyone is equal under the law and is entitled to the equal protection of the laws.
(2.) No law and no executive or judicial action shall, either expressly, or in its practical application, discriminate against any person on the basis of gender, race, color, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, place of birth, age, disability, economic status, family status, sexual orientation or descent.
(3.) A law is not inconsistent with clause (1) or (2) on the ground only that it:
(a) appropriates revenues or other money for particular purposes;
(b) imposes a retirement age on a person who is the holder of a public office;
(c) imposes on persons who are not citizens a disability or restriction, not imposed on citizens;
(d) imposes a restriction on a person on the grounds of their opinions or beliefs if those opinions or beliefs involve harm to others or the diminution of the rights or freedoms of others;
(e) provides protection of indigenous land ownership to the exclusion of others;
(f) provides for the protection or advancement of a class of persons who are disadvantaged; or
(g) makes special provision in relation to children,
provided that the law is reasonable and justifiable in a free and democratic society.

Protection of right to life
4. (1.) Everyone has the right to life. No person shall be deprived of his life intentionally, except in execution of a sentence of a court following his conviction of an offence for which the penalty of deprivation of life is prescribed by law.
(2.) Deprivation of the life of a person is not a contravention of the provisions of clause (1.) of this Article where it results from the use, to such an extent and in such circumstances as is permitted by law, of such force as is reasonably justifiable in the circumstances of the case-
(a) for the defence of a person from violence;
(b) for the defence of public property;
(c) in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent the escape of a person lawfully detained; or
(d) for the purpose of suppressing a riot, insurrection or muting.

Protection of personal liberty
5. (1.) No person shall be deprived of his personal liberty, except as authorised by law in any of the following cases:-
...
(e) under the order of a court, for his welfare during any period ending not later than the date on which he attains the age of twenty sixteen years;
...
(4.) Where a complaint is made to the Supreme Court or any subordinate court that a person is unlawfully detained, the Supreme Court or any subordinate court shall enquire into the complaint and, unless satisfied that the detention is lawful, shall order that person to be brought before it and shall release him.

Protection from deprivation of property
8. (1.) No person shall be deprived compulsorily of his property except in accordance with law for a public purpose and on just terms.
(1A.) The just terms of compulsory acquisition of property shall be agreed between the relevant parties, or, if no agreement can be reached within a reasonable time, shall be determined by the Supreme Court, having regard to all relevant factors, including:
(a) the current use of the property;
(b) the history of the acquisition and use of the property;
(c) the importance of the public purpose for which the property is being acquired;
(d) the interests of those affected by the acquisition; and
(e) any hardship to the owner/s.
...

Protection of person and property
9. (1.) No person shall without his consent be subject to the search of his person or property or the entry on his premises by other persons, and nor shall the privacy of his communications be infringed.
(1A.) Evidence obtained pursuant to an invalid warrant, or obtained in a manner that in any other way contravenes this Article, is not admissible in criminal proceedings.
...

Provision to secure protection of law
10. (1.) No person shall be convicted of an offence which is not defined by law.
...
(9A.) No law shall prevent a citizen bringing civil action against the Republic or its instrumentalities.
...

Freedom of conscience
11. (1.) A person Everyone has the right to freedom of conscience, thought and religion, including freedom to change his religion or beliefs and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest and propagate his religion or beliefs in worship, teaching, practice and observance.
...
Protection of freedom of expression
12. (1.) A person Everyone has the right to freedom of expression.
...

Protection of freedom of assembly and association
13. (1.) Persons have Everyone has the right to assemble and associate peaceably and to form or belong to trade unions or other associations.
...

Protection of right to privacy and personal autonomy
13A. Everyone shall be free from unreasonable interference in personal choices that do not injure others and from unreasonable intrusions into their privacy.

Right to information
13B. (1.) Everyone has the right of access to information held by the government and its instrumentalities.
(2.) As soon as practicable after the commencement of this Article, Parliament shall enact a law to give effect to this right, including provision for the retention and secure storage of information.
(3.) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of a law passed in accordance with clause (2.) of this Article, or any other law, shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of clause (1.) of this Article to the extent that that law makes provision:
(a) for fair and reasonable measures to alleviate the administrative and financial burden of the right to information on the government; or
(b) for the denial of public access to sensitive Cabinet information and sensitive information the disclosure of which could harm Nauru’s foreign relations or national security or would be contrary to the public interest.

Right to health services
13C.(1.) Everyone has the right to access basic health services, including maternity and related care for every woman.
(2.) The government shall take reasonable legislative and other measures, within its available resources, to achieve the progressive realisation of this right, and to progressively improve the standard of health services.

Right to education
13D. (1.) Everyone has the right to primary and secondary education.
(2.) The government shall take reasonable measures, within its available resources, to make education accessible and to progressively improve the standard of public education services and may provide support to private education services.

Environmental Protection
13E. Everyone has the right:
(a) to an environment that is not harmful to their health or well-being; and
(b) to have the environment protected, for the benefit of present and future generations, through reasonable legislative and other measures that –
(i). minimise pollution and environmental degradation;
(ii). promote rehabilitation and conservation; and
(iii). secure ecologically sustainable development and use of natural resources including marine resources while promoting justifiable economic and social development.

Employment rights
13F. (1) Everyone has the right to fair labour practices.
(2) Every citizen has the right to choose their trade, occupation or profession freely.
(3) The practice of a trade, occupation or profession may be regulated by law.
(4) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of a law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of the provisions of clauses (1) or (2) of this Article to the extent that that law makes provision for the prohibition of the practice of any trade or profession in the interests of public safety, public order, public morality or public health.

Women’s rights
13G. Every woman has the right to a reasonable period of maternity leave.’

Children’s rights
13H. Every child has the right:
(a) to a name and nationality from birth;
(b) to be cared for by parents, family or appropriate alternative care if removed from the family environment;
(c) to basic nutrition, shelter, and basic health care services;
(d) to be protected from maltreatment, neglect, abuse or degradation;
(e) to be protected from exploitative labour practices;
(f) not to be required or permitted to perform work or provide services that are inappropriate for a person of that child’s age, or that place at risk the child’s well- being, education, physical or mental health, or spiritual, moral or social development;
(g) not to be detained except as a measure of last resort, in which case, in addition to the rights the child enjoys under Articles 5 and 10, the child may be detained only for the shortest appropriate period of time, and has the right to be:
i.) kept separately from detained persons over the age of 18 years; and
ii.) treated in a manner, and kept in conditions, that take account of the child’s age;
(h) to have a legal practitioner assigned to the child by the government, and at government expense, in civil proceedings affecting the child, if substantial injustice would otherwise result; and
(i) not to be used directly in armed conflict, and to be protected in times of armed conflict.

Rights of Persons with Disabilities
13I. (1.) All persons with disabilities have the right to the full realisation of all human rights and fundamental freedoms without discrimination of any kind on the basis of disability.
(2.) The government shall take reasonable legislative and other measures, within its available resources, to facilitate the full and effective participation and inclusion in society of persons with disability, to make mobility aids and other assistive technologies accessible to persons with disability, and to improve the accessibility of all public facilities and services to persons with disability.
(3.) For the purposes of this Article, persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others.

Enforcement of fundamental rights and freedoms
14. (1.) A right or freedom conferred by this Part is enforceable by the Supreme Court at the suit of a person having an interest in the enforcement of that right or freedom in accordance with Article 54.
(2.) The Supreme Court may make all such orders and declarations as are necessary and appropriate for the purposes of clause (1.) of this Article.

Interpretation
15. (1.) When interpreting this Part, a court:
(a) shall promote the values that underlie a democratic society based on freedom and equality; and
(b) shall, if relevant, have regard to public international law applicable to the protection of the rights and freedoms set out in this Part; and
(c) may, if relevant, have regard to foreign law.
(2.) The provisions of this Part are not to be construed as denying or limiting other rights and freedoms that are not specified in this Part but that are recognised or conferred by common law, customary law or laws enacted by Parliament to the extent that they are not inconsistent with this Part.
(3.) The rights and freedoms protected in this Part may only be limited in accordance with the exceptions provided for in this Part. In determining whether a law that limits rights is reasonably required for a prescribed purpose, the Court must take into account:
(a) the nature and extent of the limitation;
(b) the importance of the purpose of the limitation;
(c) the relation between the limitation and its purpose; and
(d) any less restrictive means to achieve the purpose.
(4.)
In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
"child" means a person under the age of eighteen years;
"contravention", in relation to any requirement, includes a failure to comply with that requirement, and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly;
"disciplined force" means-
(a) the Police Force; or
(b) any other body established by law for the purposes of defence or maintaining public safety or public order;
"legal representative" means a person entitled to be in or to enter Nauru and entitled by law to appear in proceedings before a court on behalf of a party to those proceedings;
"member", in relation to a disciplined force, includes a person who, under the law regulating the discipline of that force, is subject to that discipline;
"public property" includes property of a body corporate established by law for public purposes.

The President
16. (1.) There shall be a President of Nauru, who shall be elected by Parliament the people of Nauru in accordance with Article 16A.
(1A.) The President shall be the Head of State and Head of Government.
(2.) A person is not qualified to be elected President unless he is a member of Parliament.
(3.) The Speaker and the Deputy Speaker are is not qualified to be elected President.
(3A.) The functions and powers of the President are those vested in him by this Constitution and by law, and include the following –
- to appoint Ministers to Cabinet – Article 19;
- to preside at meetings of Cabinet – Article 22;
- to assign to Ministers responsibility for government business – Article 23;
- to advise the Speaker on the appointment of a date of election after dissolution – Article 39;
- to advise the Speaker on the time for the beginning of parliamentary sessions – Article 40. (1);
- to advise the Speaker on the prorogation of Parliament – Article 41(1);
- to initiate the process of dissolution of Parliament – Article 41(2);
- to appoint judges and acting judges – Articles 49(2) and 53;
- to appoint the Ombudsman – Article 57B
- to appoint the Director of Audit – Article 66(1);
- to appoint the Director of Public Prosecutions – Article 70A;
- to declare and revoke a state of emergency – Article 77;
- to make emergency orders during a state of emergency – Article 78; and
- to exercise the prerogative of mercy – Article 80.
(3B.) A person assuming the office of President shall, before entering upon the duties of that office, take and subscribe before the Chief Justice or the Speaker an oath in the form set out in the Seventh Schedule to this Constitution.
(4.) Except as otherwise provided in the Constitution, the President holds office until the election of another person as President.
(5.) Parliament shall elect a President-
(a) whenever the office of President is vacant;
(b) at the first sitting of Parliament next following its dissolution; and
(c) whenever-
(i) the President tenders the resignation of his office by writing under his hand delivered to the Speaker;
(ii) a resolution for the removal from office of the President and Ministers is approved under Article 24; or
(iii) the President ceases to be a member of Parliament otherwise than by reason only of its dissolution.

Election of President
16A. (1.) Nomination for and an election to the office of President shall be held in such manner as is prescribed by this Article and, subject thereto, by an Act of Parliament and Standing Orders of Parliament.
(1A.) Nomination for election to the office or President shall be held -
(a) within the timeframe prescribed in clause (8) of Article 41 following a general election and before proceeding on any Bill; and
(b) subject to Article 16D and to clause (2) of Article 21B, within the timeframe prescribed in clause (9) of Article 41 whenever the office of President becomes vacant.
(2.) Whenever Parliament is required by this Constitution to nominate candidates for election to the office of President it shall nominate, from among members of Parliament, not fewer than two nor more than three candidates for election as President, and no other person may be a candidate.
(3.) An election for President shall be held:
(a) twenty-eight days after the day on which a general election is held; or
(b) on a Saturday not later that thirty-five days after a vacancy in the office of President has occurred, other than a vacancy that has occurred by reason of clause (1) of Article 24 or clause (1) of Article 61(A).
(4.) Every person who is entitled to vote in a general election is entitled to vote in an election of President.
(5.) A person elected to the office of President under this Article assumes that office on the day upon which he is declared elected.

Tenure of office
16B. (1.) The President, unless he ceases to be President by virtue of this Article, shall continue in office until the person elected at the next election of President assumes office.
(2.) The President shall vacate his office as President –
(a) if he resigns his office, by writing under his hand addressed to the Speaker;
(b) if a motion of no confidence in the President and Cabinet is passed in accordance with Article 24;
(c) if Parliament is dissolved pursuant to Article 61A;
(d) if he ceases to be a member of Parliament otherwise than by reason only of its dissolution; or
(e) if he is removed in accordance with Article 16C.

Removal from office on the grounds of incapacity
16C. (1.) Subject to clause (3) of this Article, where there is delivered to the Speaker a request that complies with clause (2) of this Article, for the question of the mental or physical capacity of the President to discharge the functions of his office to be investigated, the Speaker shall notify the Chief Justice who shall appoint a Medical Board consisting of not less than two persons who are qualified as medical practitioners under the law of Nauru or under the law of any other country in the Commonwealth, and the Board shall inquire into the matter and shall report to the Chief Justice stating the opinion of the Board whether or not the President is, by virtue of any infirmity of body or mind, incapable of discharging the functions of his office.
(2.) A request referred to in clause (1.) of this Article –
(a) shall be in writing;
(b) shall be signed by a member of Parliament for each of at least three constituencies and by a number of members of Parliament which is at least one third of the total number of members of Parliament; and
(c) shall set out the reasons for the request;
and if the Speaker is satisfied that the request satisfies the requirements of this clause and that the reasons provided under paragraph (c) of this clause are valid, he shall notify the Chief Justice in accordance with clause (1.) of this Article.
(3.) Where there is delivered to the Speaker a request for the question of the mental or physical capacity of the President to discharge the functions of his office to be investigated which complies with clause (2.) of this Article except for the fact the Speaker is not satisfied that the stated reasons for the request are valid, he shall inform Parliament of the receipt of the request and shall put to Parliament the question of whether the Chief Justice ought to be notified in accordance with clause (1.) of this Article, and if Parliament so resolves by a majority of the total number of members of Parliament other than the President, the Speaker shall notify the Chief Justice accordingly.
(4.) Upon receiving the report of the Medical Board the Chief Justice shall give the President or his representative the right to be heard, and shall then make a determination in writing as to whether the President is, by reason of infirmity of body or mind, incapable of discharging the functions of his office.
(5.) If the Chief Justice determines under clause (4.) of this Article that the President is, by reason of infirmity of body or mind, incapable of discharging the functions of his office the President shall cease to hold office from the date of the Chief Justice’s determination in writing.

Vacancy in the office of President
16D. (1.) If the office of President becomes vacant by reason of the President ceasing to hold office by virtue of clause (1.) of Article 24 or Article 61A of this Constitution, the Council of State shall perform the functions of President in accordance with Article 21B.
(2.) If the office of President becomes vacant for any other reason, the Deputy President shall assume the office of President.
(3.) If the office of President becomes vacant during any period when the office of Deputy President is also vacant, the Cabinet shall elect one of the Ministers to assume the office of President.
(4.) A person assuming the office of President under this Article shall advise the Speaker to call a session of Parliament to be held no later than two weeks after his assumption of the office of President, and nomination for election to the office of President shall be held in the manner prescribed in Article 16A at the first sitting of that session and before proceeding on any Bill.

Executive Authority vests in the Cabinet
17. (1.) The executive authority of Nauru is vested in a Cabinet constituted as provided by this Part and the Cabinet has the general direction and control of the government of Nauru.
(2.) The Cabinet is collectively responsible to Parliament.
(3.) The executive authority vested in the Cabinet shall include but shall not be limited to the following powers, functions, duties and responsibilities, subject to this Constitution and to any other law:
(a) to have the general direction and control of the government of Nauru;
(b) to recommend to Parliament such legislative proposals as it considers necessary or desirable to implement its policies and decisions; and, in particular, shall recommend to Parliament proposals for the raising of revenue and for the expenditure of public money in accordance with the provisions of Part VI;
(c) to be accountable to Parliament for all public expenditure and for relating such expenditure to the appropriations made by Parliament or to other authority conferred by this Constitution or by law;
(d) to be responsible for conducting the foreign affairs of Nauru, whether by treaty or otherwise; provided that Cabinet shall, upon finally accepting any treaty as binding, table the treaty in Parliament;
(e) to be responsible for making such provision as may be reasonable and necessary for the security of Nauru;
(f) to be responsible for establishing and maintaining such hospitals and other institutions and for providing such other services as may be reasonable and necessary for the public health;
(g) to be responsible for making such provision as may be reasonable and necessary to provide educational opportunities for the people of Nauru;
(h) to be responsible for establishing and maintaining such other institutions and services and for making such other provision as may be reasonable and necessary to achieve an adequate standard of living for the people of Nauru, to enable them to enjoy their legal rights, and to serve their economic, social and cultural welfare;
(i) to make, in the exercise of its responsibilities, such contracts and other instruments on behalf of the Government of Nauru as it considers necessary.
(4.) No treaty or other international agreement which is finally accepted as binding by or on behalf of the Republic of Nauru shall, of itself, have the force of law in the Republic.

Council of State
21B. (1.) In the circumstances described in clause (2.) of this Article, a Council of State shall be formed which shall, subject to clauses (6.), (7.), (8.) and (9.) of this Article, consist of the persons for the time being holding or acting in the offices of Chief Secretary, who shall be Chairman, Chief Justice and Speaker.
(2.) In the event of the dissolution of Parliament in the circumstances specified in clause (1.) of Article 24 or the circumstances specified in clause (1.) of Article 61A of this Constitution, the Council of State shall, subject to clauses (3.), (4.) and (5.) of this Article and to clauses (2.) and (3.) of Article 61A, perform the functions of the President and the other executive functions of the government until the person elected at the next election of President following a general election assumes office.
(3.) During any period in which the Council of State is performing the functions of the President and the other executive functions of government, such functions shall be performed in a manner consistent with the conventional limitations on a caretaker government, and in particular the Council of State shall not be empowered to exercise:
(a) the power to appoint judges (but may appoint acting judges for a term of no more than three months);
(b) the power to appoint the Director of Public Prosecutions, the Ombudsman or the Director of Audit;
(c) the power to exercise the prerogative of mercy;
(d) the power to enter into treaties; or
(e) the power to enter contracts for the disposal or acquisition of major public assets.
(4.) If the Council of State assumes the functions of the President and the other executive functions of government under clause (2) of this Article, the Council of State shall as soon as practicable after assuming such functions, collectively exercise the functions of the President and Speaker under Article 39.
(5.) The Council of State may only exercise the emergency powers under Part IX of this Constitution by the unanimous agreement of all members.
(6.) If, at any time when it is necessary for the Council of State to be formed, the Chief Secretary is not a Nauruan citizen or is a citizen but is unavailable, the place of the Chief Secretary on the Council of State shall be filled by a person designated by the Chief Secretary who is a Nauruan citizen and is deemed by the Chief Secretary to be a fit and proper person for the purpose.
(7.) If Parliament has provided for a Public Service Commission, the provisions of clause (1.) and of clause (6.) shall apply to the Chairperson of the Public Service Commission as if that person was Chief Secretary.
(8.) If, at any time when it is necessary for the Council of State to be formed, the Chief Justice is not a Nauruan citizen or is a citizen but is unavailable, the place of the Chief Justice on the Council of State shall be filled by a person designated by the Chief Justice who is a Nauruan citizen and is deemed by the Chief Justice to be a fit and proper person for the purpose.
(9.) If, during any period in which the Council of State is performing the functions of the President and the other executive functions of government there is a vacancy in a position on the Council of State by virtue of the unavailability or vacancy in the office of any of the members specified in clause (1), the remaining members of the Council of State shall appoint to fill that vacancy a person who is a Nauruan citizen and who is deemed by those remaining members to be a fit and proper person for the purpose.

Treasury Fund
58. All revenues and other moneys raised or received by Nauru, or by a public officer or Member of Parliament for or on behalf of, or for the benefit of, Nauru, not being revenues or other moneys payable by law into another fund established for a specific purpose, shall be paid into and form a Treasury Fund.

Remuneration of certain officers
65. (1.) There shall be paid to the holders of the offices to which this Article applies such salary and such allowances as are prescribed by law.
...
(4.) This Article applies to the office of judge of the Supreme Court, Speaker of Parliament, Clerk of Parliament, Director of Public Prosecutions, Ombudsman and Director of Audit.

Agreement of 14 November 1967 relating to Phosphate Industry
93. (1.) The Agreement made on the fourteenth day of November, One thousand nine hundred and sixty-seven between the Nauru Local Government Council of the one part and the Partner Governments of the other part shall, on and after Independence Day, be construed as an agreement between the Government of the Republic of Nauru of the one part and the Partner Governments of the other part and all rights, liabilities, obligations and interest of the Nauru Local Government Council in or under that Agreement are, on and after Independence Day, rights, liabilities, obligations and interest of the Government of the Republic of Nauru.
(2.) In clause (1.) of this Article, "Partner Governments" means the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Government of New Zealand and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Fifth Schedule
(i) Part I.
(ii) Part II.
(iii) Articles 16, 16A, 16B, 16C, 16D, 17, 21B.
(iv) Articles 26, 27, clause (7.) of Article 41.
(iv-a) Article 57A.
(v) Articles 58, 58A, 59, 59A, 60, 62, 65.
(vi) Article 71, clause (1.) of Article 72.
(vi-a) Article 78.
(vii) Article Articles 84, 84A.
(viii) Clauses (1.), (2.), (3.) and (5.) of Article 85.
(ix) Article 93.

Seventh Schedule
Oath of President (Article 16)
In full realisation of the great responsibility I assume as President in the service of the Republic of Nauru I, (name), do hereby swear by Almighty God to be faithful to the Republic of Nauru, and do solemnly and sincerely promise at all times to promote that which will advance the Republic and to oppose all that may harm the Republic; to obey, observe, uphold and maintain the Constitution and all other laws of the Republic; to discharge my duties with all my strength and talents to the best of my knowledge and ability and true to the dictates of my conscience; to do justice to all; and to devote myself to the well-being of the Republic and all its people. So help me God!

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Letzte Änderung